Stomach Acid: Why Not Enough is Not a Good Thing

Have you ever experienced indigestion, bloating, or heartburn after a meal? Contrary to popular belief, you might be dealing with a common but often overlooked issue: low stomach acid. Stomach acid, also known as gastric acid or hydrochloric acid (HCl), plays a vital role in our digestive system. In this post, I’ll explore the impact of low stomach acid on digestion and gut health, and provide you with practical tips to increase your stomach acid naturally.

The Role of Stomach Acid in Digestion

Stomach acid is a powerful component of our digestive system. It serves several crucial functions in the digestion process:

  1. Protein Digestion: Stomach acid helps break down proteins into smaller, more easily digestible molecules called peptides and amino acids. This is essential for nutrient absorption and overall health.

  2. Killing Pathogens: Gastric acid is highly acidic (with a pH of around 1-2), which acts as a natural barrier to bacteria, viruses, and parasites that may be present in the food we consume. This helps protect us from food-borne illnesses.

  3. Mineral Absorption: Stomach acid is necessary for the absorption of essential minerals like calcium, iron, and magnesium. Low stomach acid can lead to mineral deficiencies and further health concerns.

  4. Activation of Digestive Enzymes: It activates enzymes that are responsible for further digestion of carbohydrates and fats once they leave the stomach. Without these enzymes, the digestive system cannot break down food properly.

Low Stomach Acid: Causes and Effects

Unfortunately, many people suffer from low stomach acid, a condition known as hypochlorhydria. Several factors can contribute to low stomach acid, including:

  1. Aging: As we get older, our stomach acid production naturally decreases, making older individuals more susceptible to low stomach acid. (Ever wonder why foods you could eat in your younger years now make you feel miserable?)

  2. Chronic Stress: High-stress levels can disrupt the digestive process, leading to reduced stomach acid production.

  3. Antacid Use: The frequent use of antacids or proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) can suppress stomach acid production, often leading to a vicious cycle of increasing dependence on these medications.

  4. Dietary Factors: Consuming a diet low in nutrient-dense foods and high in processed or fast foods can contribute to low stomach acid. Additionally, overconsumption of alcohol or caffeine can negatively impact stomach acid production.

  5. Medications: Some medications, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and certain antibiotics, can decrease stomach acid production.

The consequences of low stomach acid can be far-reaching and harmful to gut health and overall well-being:

  1. Impaired Nutrient Absorption: Inadequate stomach acid reduces the body’s ability to extract essential nutrients from food, potentially leading to nutrient deficiencies.

  2. Digestive Discomfort: Low stomach acid can result in bloating, gas, indigestion, and heartburn after meals.

  3. Increased Risk of Infections: Without the acidic barrier, there is a higher risk of ingesting harmful bacteria and pathogens, leading to digestive issues and food-borne illnesses.

  4. Mineral Deficiencies: Reduced stomach acid can hinder the absorption of crucial minerals like calcium and iron, potentially leading to bone health issues and anemia.

Signs and Symptoms of Low Stomach Acid

  1. Persistent Heartburn: One telltale sign is persistent heartburn, which may seem counter-intuitive at first. You might experience heartburn not because of excess acid, as many people naturally assume, but because the lower esophageal sphincter remains open longer to compensate for low stomach acid.

  2. Bloating and Belching: Bloating and belching, particularly after meals, are also common indicators. Low stomach acid slows protein digestion, leading to gas and bloating.

  3. Undigested Food In Stool: If you notice undigested food particles in your stool, this can indicate low stomach acid.

  4. Unexplained Reactions to Certain Foods: When undigested protein and other food particles get into the small intestine, the immune system sometimes sees these particles as foreign invaders. This triggers an immune response that can lead to sensitivities or allergic reactions to specific foods.

Ways to Increase Stomach Acid Naturally

If you had been a believer that digestive woes like acid reflux, GERD, heartburn, and bloating are brought on by too much stomach acid, I hope you’re starting to see that more often than not, the opposite is actually the case. That said, here are some practical ways to naturally boost stomach acid levels:

  1. Digestive Bitters: Herbal bitters, like gentian and dandelion root, can stimulate digestive juices, including stomach acid.

  2. Chew Your Food Thoroughly: Properly chewing your food sends signals to your body to produce more stomach acid.

  3. Ginger: Ginger is known for its digestive benefits. You can consume ginger tea or add fresh ginger to your meals.

  4. Betaine HCl Supplements: This has been a game-changer for my digestion (and overall health!). Betaine hydrochloride supplements can be taken with meals to support stomach acid production. Be sure to consult a gut health specialist before trying them because there’s a specific way to determine your specific dose.

  5. Probiotics: Probiotic-rich foods or supplements can help maintain a healthy balance of gut bacteria, which can indirectly support stomach acid production.

  6. Gut-Healing Supplements: Supplements like L-glutamine, aloe vera, collagen, peppermint, and slippery elm are known to help soothe and heal the digestive tract, potentially improving stomach acid production.

  7. Avoid Overeating: Overeating can dilute stomach acid and hinder its effectiveness, so try to consume smaller, balanced meals.

  8. Stress Management: Reducing stress through practices like meditation, yoga, and deep breathing can help normalize digestive processes.

  9. Dietary Changes: Adopt a diet rich in whole, unprocessed foods and limit the consumption of highly processed and junk foods. Avoid overconsumption of caffeine, alcohol, and spicy foods.

  10. Hydration: Proper hydration is essential for the production of stomach acid. Ensure you drink enough water throughout the day.

  11. H. pylori Evaluation: In some cases, low stomach acid can be linked to H. pylori infection. Consult a healthcare provider to determine if you need testing and treatment.

  12. Nutrient-Rich Foods: Incorporate foods high in nutrients that support stomach acid production, such as leafy greens, seafood, and lean meats.

  13. Apple Cider Vinegar: Consider adding a teaspoon of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar to a glass of water before meals. This can help stimulate stomach acid production.*
  14. Lemon Water: Drinking warm water with lemon before meals can have a similar effect, promoting the secretion of gastric juices.*

*When using apple cider vinegar and lemon water, it’s important to exercise some caution. Both are highly acidic and can erode tooth enamel over time. It’s also possible for them to alter the microbiome in the mouth. Rinsing your mouth with plain water after using them can help to minimize these risks.

A Little Effort Goes a Long Way

Maintaining optimal stomach acid levels is essential for digestive and gut health. Low stomach acid can lead to a host of digestive issues, nutrient deficiencies, and even increased susceptibility to infections. By making simple lifestyle changes and incorporating natural remedies, you can support your body’s ability to produce adequate stomach acid, promoting better digestion and gut health. Remember to consult with a gut health specialist if you suspect you have low stomach acid or before making significant changes to your diet or supplement regimen. Your journey to improved gut health starts with taking small, proactive steps to support your stomach’s natural acid production. With dedication, consistency, and patience, you can overcome your digestive troubles and get your body back INBALANSE!